Isa 33:1
33:1 Woe to thee that {a} layest waste, and thou [wast] not laid
     waste; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not
     treacherously with thee!  when thou shalt {b} cease to lay
     waste, thou shalt be wasted; [and] when thou shalt make an
     end of dealing treacherously, {c} they shall deal
     treacherously with thee.

     (a) Meaning, the enemies of the Church, as were the
         Chaldeans and Assyrians, but chiefly of Sennacherib,
         but not only.
     (b) When your appointed time will come that God will take
         away your power: and that which you have wrongfully
         gained, will be given to others, as in @Am 5:11.
     (c) The Chaldeans will do the same to the Assyrians, as the
         Assyrians did to Israel, and the Medes and Persians
         will do the same to the Chaldeans.

Isa 33:2
33:2 {d} O LORD, be gracious to us; we have waited for thee: be
     thou {e} their arm every morning, our salvation also in the
     time of trouble.

     (d) He declares by this what is the chief refuge of the
         faithful, when troubles come, to pray, and seek help
         from God.
     (e) Which helped our fathers as soon as they called on you.

Isa 33:3
33:3 At the noise of the tumult the {f} people fled; at the {g}
     lifting up of thyself the nations were scattered.

     (f) That is, the Assyrians fled before the army of the
         Chaldeans, or the Chaldeans for fear of the Medes and
     (g) When you, O Lord, lifted up your arm to punish your

Isa 33:4
33:4 And your spoil shall be gathered [like] the gathering of
     the {h} caterpiller: as the running to and fro of locusts
     shall {i} he run upon them.

     (h) You who as caterpillars destroyed with your number the
         whole world, will have no strength to resist your
         enemies the Chaldeans: but will be gathered on a heap
         and destroyed.
     (i) Meaning, the Medes and Persians against the Chaldeans.

Isa 33:6
33:6 And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of {k} thy
     times, [and] strength of salvation: the fear of the LORD
     [is] his treasure.

     (k) That is, in the days of Hezekiah.

Isa 33:7
33:7 Behold, {l} their valiant ones shall cry outside: the {m}
     ambassadors of peace shall weep bitterly.

     (l) Sent from Sennacherib.
     (m) Whom they of Jerusalem sent to intreat of peace.

Isa 33:8
33:8 The {n} highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he
     hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he
     regardeth no man.

     (n) These are the words of the ambassadors, when they
         returned from Sennacherib.

Isa 33:9
33:9 The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed
     [and] hewn down: {o} Sharon is like a wilderness; and
     Bashan and Carmel shake off [their fruits].

     (o) Which was a plentiful country, meaning, that
         Sennacherib would destroy all.

Isa 33:10
33:10 Now will I {p} rise, saith the LORD; now will I be
      exalted; now will I lift up myself.

      (p) To help and deliver my Church.

Isa 33:11
33:11 {q} Ye shall conceive chaff, ye shall bring forth stubble:
      your breath, [as] fire, shall devour you.

      (q) This is spoken against the enemies, who thought all
          was their own, but he shows that their enterprise will
          be in vain, and that the fire which they had kindled
          for others would consume them.

Isa 33:13
33:13 Ye [that are] {r} far off, hear what I have done; and, ye
      [that are] near, acknowledge my might.

      (r) His vengeance will be so great that all the world will
          talk of it.

Isa 33:14
33:14 The {s} sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness hath
      surprised the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with
      the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with
      everlasting burnings?

      (s) Which do not believe the words of the prophet, and the
          assurance of their deliverance.

Isa 33:16
33:16 He shall dwell on {t} high: his place of defence [shall
      be] the strong holds of rocks: bread shall be given him;
      his waters [shall be] sure.

      (t) Meaning, that God will be a sure defence to all them
          that live according to his word.

Isa 33:17
33:17 Thy eyes shall {u} see the king in his beauty: they shall
      behold the {x} land that is very far off.

      (u) They will see Hezekiah delivered from his enemies and
          restored to honour and glory.
      (x) They will be no more shut in as they were by
          Sennacherib, but go where it pleases them.

Isa 33:18
33:18 Thy heart {y} shall meditate terror. Where [is] the
      scribe? where [is] the receiver? where [is] he that
      counted the towers?

      (y) Before this liberty comes you will think that you are
          in great danger: for the enemy will so sharply assail
          you that one will cry "Where is the clerk that writes
          the names of them who are taxed?" another, "Where is
          the receiver?" another will cry for him that values
          the rich houses, but God will deliver you from this

Isa 33:21
33:21 But there the glorious LORD [will be] to us a place {z} of
      broad rivers [and] streams; in which shall go no galley
      with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass through it.

      (z) Let us be content with this small river of Shiloah and
          not desire the great streams and rivers, by which the
          enemies may bring in ships and destroy us.

Isa 33:23
33:23 Thy {a} tacklings are loosed; they could not well
      strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail:
      then is the {b} prey of a great spoil divided; the lame
      take the prey.

      (a) He derides the Assyrians and enemies of the Church,
          declaring their destruction as they who perish by
      (b) He comforts the Church, and shows that they will be
          enriched with all benefits both of body and soul.

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