Isa 31:1
31:1 Woe to them that {a} go down to Egypt for help; and rely on
     horses, and trust in chariots, because [they are] many; and
     in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look
     not to the Holy One of Israel, neither {b} seek the LORD!

     (a) There were two special reasons why the Israelites
         should not join with the Egyptians: first, because the
         Lord had commanded them never to return there,
         @De 17:16,28:68 lest they should forget the
         benefit of their redemption: and secondly, lest they
         should be corrupted with the superstition and idolatry
         of the Egyptians, and so forsake God, @Jer 2:18.
     (b) Meaning, that they forsake the Lord, if they put their
         trust in worldly things: for they cannot trust in both.

Isa 31:2
31:2 Yet he also [is] {c} wise, and will bring evil, and will
     not call back his words: but will arise against the house
     of the evildoers, and against the help of them that work

     (c) And knows their crafty enterprises, and will bring all
         to nought.

Isa 31:3
31:3 Now the Egyptians [are] men, and not God; and their horses
     flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his
     hand, both he that {d} helpeth shall fall, and he that is
     helped shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.

     (d) Meaning, both the Egyptians and the Israelites.

Isa 31:4
31:4 For thus hath the LORD spoken to me, As the lion and the
     young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of
     shepherds is called forth against him, [he] will not be
     afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of
     them: so shall the LORD of hosts come {e} down to fight for
     mount Zion, and for its hill.

     (e) He shows the Jews that if they would put their trust in
         him, he is so able, that no one can resist his power
         and so care over them, as a bird over her young,
         which ever flies about them for their defence: which
         similitude the scripture uses in various places, as in
         @De 32:11, Mt 23:37.

Isa 31:6
31:6 Turn ye to [him from] whom the children of Israel have {f}
     deeply revolted.

     (f) He touches their conscience that they might earnestly
         feel their grievous sins, and so truly repent, for as
         much as now they are almost drowned and past recovery.

Isa 31:7
31:7 For in that day every man shall {g} cast away his idols of
     silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have
     made to you [for] a sin.

     (g) By these fruits your repentance will be known, as in
         @Isa 2:20.

Isa 31:8
31:8 {h} Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of
     man; and the sword, not of men, shall devour him: but he
     shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be made

     (h) When your repentance appears.

Isa 31:9
31:9 And he shall pass over to his {i} strong hold for fear, and
     his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the LORD,
     whose {k} fire [is] in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.

     (i) This was accomplished soon after when
         Sennacherib's army was discomfited, and he fled to his
         castle in Nineveh for comfort.
     (k) To destroy his enemies.

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