Isa 24:1
24:1 Behold, the LORD maketh the {a} earth empty, and maketh it
     waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad
     its inhabitants.

     (a) This prophecy is as a conclusion of that which has been
         threatened to the Jews and other nations from the 13th
         chapter and therefore by the earth he means those lands
         which were named before.

Isa 24:2
24:2 And it shall be, as with the people, so with the {b}
     priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with
     the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with
     the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as
     with the taker of interest, so with the giver of interest
     to him.

     (b) Because this was a name of dignity it was also applied
         to them who were not of Aaron's family, and so
         signifies also a man of dignity, as in
         @2Sa 8:18, 20:25, 1Ch 18:17 and by these words the
         prophet signifies a horrible confusion, where there
         will be neither religion, order nor policy,
         @Ho 4:9.

Isa 24:5
24:5 The earth {c} also is defiled under its inhabitants;
     because they have transgressed the laws, changed the
     ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.

     (c) That is, does not give her fruit for the sin of the
         people, whom the earth deceived of their nourishment
         because they deceived God of his honour.

Isa 24:6
24:6 Therefore hath the {d} curse devoured the earth, and they
     that dwell in it are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of
     the earth are {e} burned, and few men left.

     (d) Written in the law, as in @Le 26:14, De 28:16 thus
         the prophets used to apply particularly the menaces and
         promises which are general in the law.
     (e) With heat and drought, or else that they were consumed
         with the fire of God's wrath.

Isa 24:10
24:10 The city of {f} confusion is broken down: every house is
      shut up, that no man may enter.

      (f) Which as it was without order so now should it be
          brought to desolation and confusion: and this was not
          only meant of Jerusalem, but of all the other wicked

Isa 24:11
24:11 [There is] a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is
      darkened, the {g} mirth of the land is gone.

      (g) Because they did not use God's benefits correctly
          their pleasures would fail, and they would fall to

Isa 24:13
24:13 When thus it shall be in the midst of the land among the
      people, [there shall be] {h} as the shaking of an olive
      tree, [and] as the gleaning grapes when the vintage is

      (h) He comforts the faithful, declaring that in this great
          desolation the Lord will assemble his Church which
          will praise his Name, as in @Isa 10:22.

Isa 24:14
24:14 They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing for the
      majesty of the LORD, they shall cry aloud from {i} the

      (i) From the utmost coasts of the world, where the gospel
          will be preached as in @Isa 24:16.

Isa 24:16
24:16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs,
      [even] glory to the {k} righteous.  But I said, {l} My
      leanness, my leanness, woe to me! the treacherous dealers
      have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers
      have dealt very treacherously.

      (k) Meaning to God, who will publish his gospel through
          all the world.
      (l) I am consumed with care, considering the affliction of
          the Church, both by foreign enemies and domestic. Some
          read, My secret, my secret: that is, it was revealed
          to the prophet, that the good would be preserved and
          the wicked destroyed.

Isa 24:18
24:18 And it shall come to pass, [that] he who fleeth from the
      noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that
      cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in
      the snare: for the {m} windows from on high are open, and
      the foundations of the earth do shake.

      (m) Meaning that God's wrath and vengeance would be over
          and under them, so that they would not escape no more
          than they did at Noah's flood.

Isa 24:21
24:21 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the LORD
      shall {n} punish the host of the high ones [that are] on
      high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.

      (n) There is no power so high or mighty, but God will
          visit him with his rods.

Isa 24:22
24:22 And they shall be gathered together, [as] prisoners are
      gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison,
      and after many days shall they be {o} visited.

      (o) Not with his rods as in @Isa 24:21 but will be

Isa 24:23
24:23 {p} Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun
      ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign on mount Zion,
      and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

      (p) When God restores his Church, the glory of it will so
          shine, and his ministers (who are called his ancient
          men) that the sun and the moon will be dark in
          comparison to it.

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