Isa 23:1
23:1 The {a} burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of {b} Tarshish; for
     {c} it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no
     entering in: from the land of {d} Chittim it is {e}
     revealed to them.

     (a) \\Read Geneva "Isa 13:1"\\
     (b) You of Cilicia that come here for merchandise.
     (c) Tyrus is destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar.
     (d) By Chittim they meant all the isles and countries west
         of Palestine.
     (e) All men know of this destruction.

Isa 23:2
23:2 Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle; thou whom the
     merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have {f}

     (f) Have hunted and enriched you.

Isa 23:3
23:3 And by great waters the {g} seed of Sihor, the harvest of
     the river, [is] her revenue; and she is a merchandise of

     (g) Meaning, the corn of Egypt which was fed by the
         overflowing of the Nile.

Isa 23:4
23:4 Be thou ashamed, O Zidon: for the {h} sea hath spoken,
     [even] the strength of the sea, saying, I {i} travail not,
     nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish young men,
     [nor] bring up virgins.

     (h) That is, Tyrus, which was the chief part of the sea.
     (i) I have no people left in me, and am as a barren woman,
         that never had children.

Isa 23:5
23:5 As at the report concerning Egypt, [so] shall they be {k}
     greatly pained at the report of Tyre.

     (k) Because these two countries were joined in league

Isa 23:6
23:6 Pass ye over to {l} Tarshish; wail, ye inhabitants of the

     (l) Tyrus wills other merchants to go to Cilicia, and to
         come no more there.

Isa 23:8
23:8 Who hath taken this counsel against Tyre, the {m} crowning
     [city], whose merchants [are] princes, whose traders [are]
     the honourable of the earth?

     (m) Who makes her merchants like princes.

Isa 23:10
23:10 Pass through thy land as a river, O {n} daughter of
      Tarshish: [there is] no more strength.

      (n) Your strength will no more serve you: therefore flee
          to other countries for comfort.

Isa 23:12
23:12 And he said, Thou shalt no more rejoice, O thou oppressed
      {o} virgin, {p} daughter of Zidon: arise, pass over to
      Chittim; there also shalt thou have no rest.

      (o) For Tyre was never touched nor afflicted before.
      (p) Because Tyrus was built by them of Zidon.

Isa 23:13
23:13 Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not,
      [till] the {q} Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in
      the wilderness: they set up its towers, they raised up its
      palaces; [and] he {r} brought it to ruin.

      (q) The Chaldeans who dwelt in tents in the wilderness
          were gathered by the Assyrians into cities.
      (r) The people of the Chaldeans destroyed the Assyrians:
          by which the prophet means that seeing the Chaldaeans
          were able to overcome the Assyrians who were so great
          a nation, much more will these two nations of Chaldea
          and Assyria be able to overthrow Tyrus.

Isa 23:14
23:14 Howl, ye ships of Tarshish: for your {s} strength is laid

      (s) That is, Tyrus by whom you are enriched.

Isa 23:15
23:15 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be
      forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one
      king: after the end of {t} seventy years shall Tyre {u}
      sing as an harlot.

      (t) Tyrus will lie destroyed seventy years which he calls
          the reign of one king, or a man's age.
      (u) Will use all craft and subtilty to entice men again to

Isa 23:16
23:16 Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast
      been forgotten; {x} make sweet melody, sing many songs,
      that thou mayest be remembered.

      (x) She will labour by all means to recover her first
          credit, as a harlot when she is long forgotten, seeks
          by all means to entertain her lovers.

Isa 23:17
23:17 And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years,
      that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her
      {y} hire, and shall play the harlot with all the kingdoms
      of the world upon the face of the earth.

      (y) Though she has been chastised by the Lord, yet she
          will return to her old wicked practises and for gain
          will give herself to all men's lusts like a harlot.

Isa 23:18
23:18 And her merchandise and her hire shall be {z} holiness to
      the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her
      merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD,
      for sufficient food and for durable clothing.

      (z) He shows that God yet by the preaching of the gospel
          will call Tyre to repentance and turn her heart from
          evil and filthy gain, to the true worshipping of God,
          and liberality toward his saints.

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