Isa 19:1
19:1 The {a} burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD {b} rideth upon a
     swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of
     Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of
     Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.

     (a) Read @Isa 13:7.
     (b) Because the Egyptians trusted in the defence of their
         country, in the multitude of their idols and in the
         valiantness of their men the Lord shows that he will
         come over all their munitions in a swift cloud, and
         that their idols will tremble at his coming and that
         men's hearts will faint.

Isa 19:2
19:2 And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians: and
     they shall {c} fight every one against his brother, and
     every one against his neighbour; city against city, [and]
     kingdom against kingdom.

     (c) As he caused the Ammonites, Moabites and Idumeans to
         kill one another, when they came to destroy the Church
         of God, @2Ch 20:22, Isa 49:26.

Isa 19:3
19:3 And the {d} spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst of her;
     and I will destroy her counsel: and they shall seek to the
     idols, and to the charmers, and to the mediums, and to the

     (d) Meaning, their policy and wisdom.

Isa 19:5
19:5 And the waters shall {e} fail from the sea, and the rivers
     shall be wasted and dried up.

     (e) He shows that the sea and their great river Nile by
         which they thought themselves most sure, would not be
         able to defend them but that he would send the
         Assyrians among them, that would keep them under as

Isa 19:6
19:6 And they shall turn the {f} rivers far away; [and] the
     brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up: the reeds
     and flags shall wither.

     (f) For the Nile ran into the sea by seven streams, as
         though they were many rivers.

Isa 19:7
19:7 The paper reeds by the brooks, by the {g} mouth of the
     brooks, and every thing sown by the brooks, shall wither,
     be driven away, and be no [more].

     (g) The Hebrew word is mouth, by which they mean the spring
         out of which the water gushes as out of a mouth.

Isa 19:8
19:8 The fishermen also shall {h} mourn, and all they that cast
     hook into the brooks shall lament, and they that spread
     nets upon the waters shall languish.

     (h) The Scriptures describe the destruction of a country by
         the taking away of the conveniences of it, as by vines,
         flesh, fish and such other things by which countries
         are enriched.

Isa 19:11
19:11 Surely the princes of {i} Zoan [are] fools, the counsel of
      the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become senseless: how
      say ye to Pharaoh, I {k} [am] the son of the wise, the son
      of ancient kings?

      (i) Called also Tanes, a famous city on the Nile.
      (k) He notes the flatterers of Pharaoh: who persuaded the
          king that he was wise and noble, and that his house
          was ancient and so he flatters himself, saying I am

Isa 19:13
19:13 The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of {l}
      Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, [even
      they that are] the {m} support of its tribes.

      (l) Or Memphis, Alexandria, and now called the great
      (m) The principal upholders of it are the main cause of
          their destruction.

Isa 19:14
19:14 The LORD hath mingled a {n} perverse spirit in the midst
      of it: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work of
      it, as a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit.

      (n) For the spirit of wisdom he has made them drunken and
          giddy with the spirit of error.

Isa 19:15
19:15 Neither shall there be [any] work for Egypt, which the
      head or tail, branch or rush, may {o} perform.

      (o) Neither the great or the small, the strong or the

Isa 19:17
19:17 And the land of Judah shall be a terror {p} to Egypt,
      every one that maketh mention of it shall be afraid in
      himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts,
      which he hath determined against it.

      (p) Considering that through their opportunity the Jews
          did not make God their defence but put their trust in
          them, and were therefore now punished, they will fear
          least the same light on them.

Isa 19:18
19:18 In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt {q}
      speak the language of Canaan, and {r} swear to the LORD of
      hosts; one shall be called, The city of {s} destruction.

      (q) Will make one confession of faith with the people of
          God, by the speech of Canaan, meaning the language in
          which God was then served.
      (r) Will renounce their superstitions and protest to serve
          God correctly.
      (s) Meaning of six cities, five would serve God, and the
          sixth would remain in their wickedness: and so there
          would be but one lost.

Isa 19:19
19:19 In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the
      midst of the land of Egypt, and {t} a pillar at its border
      to the LORD.

      (t) There will be evident signs and tokens, that God's
          religion is there: which manner of speech is taken of
          the patriarchs and ancient time, when God has not as
          yet appointed the place, and full manner how he would
          be worshipped.

Isa 19:20
19:20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness to the LORD
      of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry to the
      LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them {u}
      a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.

      (u) This declares that this prophecy would be accomplished
          in the time of Christ.

Isa 19:21
19:21 And the LORD shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians
      shall know the LORD in that day, and shall do {x}
      sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow to the
      LORD, and perform [it].

      (x) By these ceremonies he comprehends the spiritual
          service under Christ.

Isa 19:23
19:23 In that day shall there be a highway from {y} Egypt to
      Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the
      Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with
      the Assyrians.

      (y) By these two nations, which were then chief enemies of
          the Church, he shows that the Gentiles and the Jews
          would be joined together in one faith and religion,
          and would all be one fold under Christ their shepherd.

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