De 1:1
1:1 These [be] the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on
    {a} this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain {b}
    over against the Red [sea], between Paran, and Tophel, and
    Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab.

 The Argument - The wonderful love of God toward his Church is
    actively set forth in this book. Even through their
    ingratitude and many rebellions against God, for the space
    forty years. @De 9:7 they deserved to have been cut off
    from the number of his people, and forever to have been
    deprived of the use of his holy word and ordinances: yet he
    ever preserved his Church even for his own mercy's sake, and
    would still have his name called upon among them. Wherefore
    he brings them into the land of Canaan, destroys their
    enemies, gives them their country, towns and goods, and
    exhorts them by the example of their fathers (whose
    infidelity, idolatry, adulteries, complaining and
    rebellions, he had most severely punished) to fear and obey
    the Lord, to embrace and keep his law without adding to it
    or diminishing from it. For by his word he would be known to
    be their God, and they his people, by his word he would
    govern his Church, and by the same they would learn to obey
    him: by his word he would discern the false prophet from the
    true, light form darkness, ignorance from knowledge, and his
    own people from all the other nations and infidels: teaching
    them by it to refuse and detest, destroy and abolish
    whatever is not agreeable to his holy will, seem it
    otherwise never so good or precious in the eyes of man. For
    this cause God promised to raise up kings and governors, for
    the setting forth of his word and preservation of his
    Church: giving to them a special charge for the executing of
    it: whom therefore he wills to exercise themselves
    diligently in the continual study and meditation  of the
    same: that they might learn to fear the Lord, love their
    subjects, abhor covetousness and vices, and whatever
    offends the majesty of God. As he had before instructed
    their fathers in all things belonging both to his spiritual
    service and also for the maintenance of that society which
    is between men: so he prescribes here anew all such laws and
    ordinances, which either concern his divine service, or else
    are necessary for a common good: appointing to every estate
    and degree their charge and duty: as well, how to rule and
    live in the fear of God, as to nourish friendship toward
    their neighbours, and to preserve the order which God has
    established among men: threatening most horrible plagues to
    them that transgress his commandments, and promising
    blessings and happiness to those who observe and obey them.

    (a) In the country of Moab.
    (b) So that the wilderness was between the sea and the plain
        of Moab.

De 1:2
1:2 ([There are] eleven days' [journey] from {c} Horeb by the
    way of mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea.)

    (c) In Horeb, or Sinai, forty years before the law was
        given: but because all that were then of age and
        judgment were now dead, Moses repeats the same to the
        youth who either then were not born, or had not

De 1:4
1:4 After he had slain {d} Sihon the king of the Amorites, which
    dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at
    Astaroth in Edrei:

    (d) By these examples of God's favour, their minds are
        prepared to receive the law.

De 1:5
1:5 On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, {e} began Moses to
    declare this law, saying,

    (e) The second time.

De 1:6
1:6 The LORD our God spake unto us in {f} Horeb, saying, Ye have
    dwelt long enough in this mount:

    (f) In the second year and second month, @Nu 10:11.

De 1:9
1:9 And I spake {g} unto you at that time, saying, I am not able
    to bear you myself alone:

    (g) By the counsel of Jethro my father-in-law,
        @Ex 18:19.

De 1:10
1:10 The LORD your God hath {h} multiplied you, and, behold, ye
     [are] this day as the stars of heaven for multitude.

     (h) Not so much by the course of nature, as miraculously.

De 1:12
1:12 How can I myself alone {i} bear your cumbrance, and your
     burden, and your strife?

     (i) Signifying how great a burden it is, to govern the

De 1:13
1:13 Take you wise men, and understanding, and {k} known among
     your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you.

     (k) Whose godliness and uprightness is known.

De 1:15
1:15 So I took the chief of your tribes, {l} wise men, and
     known, and made them heads over you, captains over
     thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over
     fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your

     (l) Declaring what sort of men ought to have a public
         charge, read @Ex 18:21.

De 1:17
1:17 Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; [but] ye shall
     hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid
     of the face of man; for the judgment [is] {m} God's: and
     the cause that is too hard for you, bring [it] unto me, and
     I will hear it.

     (m) You are his Lieutenants.

De 1:20
1:20 And {n} I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of
     the Amorites, which the LORD our God doth give unto us.

     (n) So that the fault was in themselves, that they did not
         sooner possess the inheritance promised.

De 1:22
1:22 {o} And ye came near unto me every one of you, and said, We
     will send men before us, and they shall search us out the
     land, and bring us word again by what way we must go up,
     and into what cities we shall come.

     (o) Read @Nu 13:3.

De 1:25
1:25 And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and
     brought [it] down unto us, and brought us word again, and
     {p} said, [It is] a good land which the LORD our God doth
     give us.

     (p) That is, Caleb, and Joshua; Moses prefers the better
         part to the greater, that is, two to ten.

De 1:27
1:27 And ye murmured in your tents, and said, Because the LORD
     {q} hated us, he hath brought us forth out of the land of
     Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to
     destroy us.

     (q) Such was the Jews unthankfulness, that they counted
         God's special love, hatred.

De 1:28
1:28 Whither shall we go up? our {r} brethren have discouraged
     our heart, saying, The people [is] greater and taller than
     we; the cities [are] great and walled up to heaven; and
     moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakims there.

     (r) The other ten, not Caleb and Joshua.

De 1:30
1:30 The LORD your God {s} which goeth before you, he shall
     fight for you, according to all that he did for you in
     Egypt before your eyes;

     (s) Declaring that to renounce our own force, and
         constantly to follow our calling, and depend on the
         Lord, is true boldness, and agreeable to God.

De 1:38
1:38 [But] Joshua the son of Nun, which standeth {t} before
     thee, he shall go in thither: encourage him: for he shall
     cause Israel to inherit it.

     (t) Who minister to you.

De 1:39
1:39 Moreover your {u} little ones, which ye said should be a
     prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge
     between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto
     them will I give it, and they shall possess it.

     (u) Who were under twenty years of age, @Nu 14:31.

De 1:41
1:41 Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against
     the LORD, {x} we will go up and fight, according to all
     that the LORD our God commanded us. And when ye had girded
     on every man his weapons of war, ye were ready to go up
     into the hill.

     (x) This declares man's nature, who will do that which God
         forbids, and will not do that which he commands.

De 1:42
1:42 And the LORD said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up,
     neither fight; for I [am] {y} not among you; lest ye be
     smitten before your enemies.

     (y) Signifying that man has no strength, but when God is at
         hand to help him.

De 1:45
1:45 And ye returned and wept before the LORD; but the LORD
     would not {z} hearken to your voice, nor give ear unto you.

     (z) Because you rather showed your hypocrisy, than true
         repentance; rather lamenting the loss of your brethren,
         than repenting for your sins.

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