1. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated
unto the gospel of God,
2 which he promised afore through his prophets in the holy scriptures,
3 concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the
4 who was declared [to be] the Son of God with power, according to the
spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead; [even] Jesus Christ
5 through whom we received grace and apostleship, unto obedience of faith
among all the nations, for his name's sake;
6 among whom are ye also called [to be] Jesus Christ's:
7 To all that are in Rome, beloved of God, called [to be] saints: Grace
to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
8. First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith
is proclaimed throughout the whole world.
9 For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of his
Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you, always in my prayers
10 making request, if by any means now at length I may be prospered by
the will of God to come unto you.
11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift,
to the end ye may be established;
12 that is, that I with you may be comforted in you, each of us by the
other's faith, both yours and mine.
13 And I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I
purposed to come unto you (and was hindered hitherto), that I might have
some fruit in you also, even as in the rest of the Gentiles.
14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to
15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you also
that are in Rome.
16. For I am not ashamed of the gospel: for it is the power of God unto
salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the
17 For therein is revealed a righteousness of God from faith unto faith:
as it is written, But the righteous shall live by faith.
18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness
and unrighteousness of men, who hinder the truth in unrighteousness;
19. because that which is known of God is manifest in them; for God
manifested it unto them.
20 For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are
clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, [even] his
everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse:
21 because that, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither gave
thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their senseless heart was
22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an
image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and
24 Wherefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts unto
uncleanness, that their bodies should be dishonored among themselves:
25 for that they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped and
served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile passions: for their women
changed the natural use into that which is against nature:
27 and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman,
burned in their lust one toward another, men with men working unseemliness,
and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was due.
28 And even as they refused to have God in [their] knowledge, God gave
them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting;
29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness,
maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
30 backbiters, hateful to God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of
evil things, disobedient to parents,
31 without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection,
32 who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they that practise such things
are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also consent with them that
1. Wherefore thou art without excuse, O man, whosoever thou art that
judgest: for wherein thou judges another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou
that judgest dost practise the same things.
2 And we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against them
that practise such things.
3 And reckonest thou this, O man, who judgest them that practise such
things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and
longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to
5 but after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up for thyself
wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
6 who will render to every man according to his works:
7 to them that by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and
incorruption, eternal life:
8 but unto them that are factious, and obey not the truth, but obey
unrighteousness, [shall be] wrath and indignation,
9 tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that worketh evil, of
the Jew first, and also of the Greek;
10 but glory and honor and peace to every man that worketh good, to the
Jew first, and also to the Greek:
11 for there is no respect of persons with God.
12 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without the
law: and as many as have sinned under the law shall be judged by the law;
13 for not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of
the law shall be justified:
14 (for when Gentiles that have not the law do by nature the things of
the law, these, not having the law, are the law unto themselves;
15 in that they show the work of the law written in their hearts, their
conscience bearing witness therewith, and their thoughts one with another
accusing or else excusing [them] );
16 in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men, according to my
gospel, by Jesus Christ.
17. But if thou bearest the name of a Jew, and restest upon the law, and
gloriest in God,
18 and knowest his will, and approvest the things that are excellent,
being instructed out of the law,
19 and art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light
of them that are in darkness,
20 a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the
form of knowledge and of the truth;
21 thou therefore that teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou
that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?
22 thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit
adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou rob temples?
23 thou who gloriest in the law, through thy transgression of the law
dishonorest thou God?
24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,
even as it is written.
25 For circumcision indeed profiteth, if thou be a doer of the law: but
if thou be a transgressor of the law, thy circumcision is become
26 If therefore the uncircumcision keep the ordinances of the law, shall
not his uncircumcision be reckoned for circumcision?
27 and shall not the uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the
law, judge thee, who with the letter and circumcision art a transgressor of
28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision
which is outward in the flesh:
29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the
heart, in the spirit not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of
1. What advantage then hath the Jew? or what is the profit of
2 Much every way: first of all, that they were intrusted with the oracles
3 For what if some were without faith? shall their want of faith make of
none effect the faithfulness of God?
4 God forbid: yea, let God be found true, but every man a liar; as it is
written, That thou mightest be justified in thy words, And mightest prevail
when thou comest into judgment.
5 But if our righteousness commendeth the righteousness of God, what
shall we say? Is God unrighteous who visiteth with wrath? (I speak after
the manner of men.)
6 God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?
7 But if the truth of God through my lie abounded unto his glory, why am
I also still judged as a sinner?
8 and why not (as we are slanderously reported, and as some affirm that
we say), Let us do evil, that good may come? whose condemnation is just.
9 What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we before laid
to the charge both of Jews and Greeks, that they are all under sin;
10 as it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one;
11 There is none that understandeth, There is none that seeketh after
12 They have all turned aside, they are together become unprofitable;
There is none that doeth good, no, not, so much as one:
13 Their throat is an open sepulchre; With their tongues they have used
deceit: The poison of asps is under their lips:
14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:
15 Their feet are swift to shed blood;
16 Destruction and misery are in their ways;
17 And the way of peace have they not known:
18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.
19. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it speaketh to them
that are under the law; that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world
may be brought under the judgment of God:
20 because by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified in his
sight; for through the law [cometh] the knowledge of sin.
21 But now apart from the law a righteousness of God hath been
manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets, being witnessed by
the law and the prophets;
22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all
them that believe; for there is no distinction;
23 for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God;
24 being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in
25 whom God set forth [to be] a propitiation, through faith, in his
blood, to show his righteousness because of the passing over of the sins
done aforetime, in the forbearance of God;
26 for the showing, [I say], of his righteousness at this present season:
that he might himself be just, and the justifier of him that hath faith in
27 Where then is the glorying? It is excluded. By what manner of law? of
works? Nay: but by a law of faith.
28 We reckon therefore that a man is justified by faith apart from the
works of the law.
29 Or is God [the God] of Jews only? is he not [the God] of Gentiles
also? Yea, of Gentiles also:
30 if so be that God is one, and he shall justify the circumcision by
faith, and the uncircumcision through faith.
31 Do we then make the law of none effect through faith? God forbid: nay,
we establish the law.
1. What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather, hath found
according to the flesh?
2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but
not toward God.
3 For what saith the scripture? And Abraham believed God, and it was
reckoned unto him for righteousness.
4 Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned as of grace, but as
5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the
ungodly, his faith is reckoned for righteousness.
6 Even as David also pronounceth blessing upon the man, unto whom God
reckoneth righteousness apart from works,
7 [saying], Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, And whose
sins are covered.
8 Blessed is the man to whom, the Lord will not reckon sin.
9. Is this blessing then pronounced upon the circumcision, or upon the
uncircumcision also? for we say, To Abraham his faith was reckoned for
10 How then was it reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in
uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision:
11 and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness
of the faith which he had while he was in uncircumcision; that he might be
the father of all them that believe, though they be in uncircumcision, that
righteousness might be reckoned unto them;
12 and the father of circumcision to them who not only are of the
circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father
Abraham which he had in uncircumcision.
13 For not through the law was the promise to Abraham or to his seed that
he should be heir of the world, but through the righteousness of faith.
14 For if they that are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the
promise is made of none effect:
15 for the law worketh wrath; but where there is no law, neither is there
16 For this cause [it is] of faith, that [it may be] according to grace;
to the end that the promise may be sure to all the seed; not to that only
which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who
is the father of us all
17. (as it is written, A father of many nations have I made thee) before
him whom he believed, [even] God, who giveth life to the dead, and calleth
the things that are not, as though they were.
18 Who in hope believed against hope, to the end that he might become a
father of many nations, according to that which had been spoken, So shall
thy seed be.
19 And without being weakened in faith he considered his own body now as
good as dead (he being about a hundred years old), and the deadness of
20 yet, looking unto the promise of God, he wavered not through unbelief,
but waxed strong through faith, giving glory to God,
21 and being fully assured that what he had promised, he was able also to
22 Wherefore also it was reckoned unto him for righteousness.
23. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was reckoned unto
24 but for our sake also, unto whom it shall be reckoned, who believe on
him that raised Jesus our Lord from the dead,
25 who was delivered up for our trespasses, and was raised for our
1. Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our
Lord Jesus Christ;
2 through whom also we have had our access by faith into this grace
wherein we stand; and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
3 And not only so, but we also rejoice in our tribulations: knowing that
tribulation worketh stedfastness;
4 and stedfastness, approvedness; and approvedness, hope:
5 and hope putteth not to shame; because the love of God hath been shed
abroad in our hearts through the Holy Spirit which was given unto us.
6. For while we were yet weak, in due season Christ died for the ungodly.
7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: for peradventure for the
good man some one would even dare to die.
8 But God commendeth his own love toward us, in that, while we were yet
sinners, Christ died for us.
9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, shall we be saved
from the wrath [of God] through him.
10 For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the
death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, shall we be saved by his
11 and not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus
Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.
12 Therefore, as through one man sin entered into the world, and death
through sin; and so death passed unto all men, for that all sinned:--
13 for until the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when
there is no law.
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over them that
had not sinned after the likeness of Adam's transgression, who is a figure
of him that was to come.
15 But not as the trespass, so also [is] the free gift. For if by the
trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the
gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound unto the many.
16 And not as through one that sinned, [so] is the gift: for the judgment
[came] of one unto condemnation, but the free gift [came] of many
trespasses unto justification.
17 For if, by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one;
much more shall they that receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of
righteousness reign in life through the one, [even] Jesus Christ.
18 So then as through one trespass [the judgment came] unto all men to
condemnation; even so through one act of righteousness [the free gift came]
unto all men to justification of life.
19 For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners,
even so through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous.
20 And the law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where
sin abounded, grace did abound more exceedingly:
21 that, as sin reigned in death, even so might grace reign through
righteousness unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
1. What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may
2 God forbid. We who died to sin, how shall we any longer live therein?
3 Or are ye ignorant that all we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were
baptized into his death?
4 We were buried therefore with him through baptism unto death: that like
as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we
also might walk in newness of life.
5 For if we have become united with [him] in the likeness of his death,
we shall be also [in the likeness] of his resurrection;
6 knowing this, that our old man was crucified with [him], that the body
of sin might be done away, that so we should no longer be in bondage to
7 for he that hath died is justified from sin.
8 But if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with
9 knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death no
more hath dominion over him.
10 For the death that he died, he died unto sin once: but the life that
he liveth, he liveth unto God.
11 Even so reckon ye also yourselves to be dead unto sin, but alive unto
God in Christ Jesus.
12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey
the lusts thereof:
13 neither present your members unto sin [as] instruments of
unrighteousness; but present yourselves unto God, as alive from the dead,
and your members [as] instruments of righteousness unto God.
14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under law,
but under grace.
15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under law, but under
grace? God forbid.
16 Know ye not, that to whom ye present yourselves [as] servants unto
obedience, his servants ye are whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or
of obedience unto righteousness?
17 But thanks be to God, that, whereas ye were servants of sin, ye became
obedient from the heart to that form of teaching whereunto ye were
18 and being made free from sin, ye became servants of righteousness.
19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your
flesh: for as ye presented your members [as] servants to uncleanness and to
iniquity unto iniquity, even so now present your members [as] servants to
righteousness unto sanctification.
20 For when ye were servants of sin, ye were free in regard of
21 What fruit then had ye at that time in the things whereof ye are now
ashamed? for the end of those things is death.
22 But now being made free from sin and become servants to God, ye have
your fruit unto sanctification, and the end eternal life.
23 For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal
life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
1. Or are ye ignorant, brethren (for I speak to men who know the law),
that the law hath dominion over a man for so long time as he liveth?
2 For the woman that hath a husband is bound by law to the husband while
he liveth; but if the husband die, she is discharged from the law of the
3 So then if, while the husband liveth, she be joined to another man, she
shall be called an adulteress: but if the husband die, she is free from the
law, so that she is no adulteress, though she be joined to another man.
4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also were made dead to the law through the
body of Christ; that ye should be joined to another, [even] to him who was
raised from the dead, that we might bring forth fruit unto God.
5 For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were through
the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
6 But now we have been discharged from the law, having died to that
wherein we were held; so that we serve in newness of the spirit, and not in
oldness of the letter.
7. What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Howbeit, I had not
known sin, except through the law: for I had not known coveting, except the
law had said, Thou shalt not covet:
8 but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all
manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin [is] dead.
9 And I was alive apart from the law once: but when the commandment came,
sin revived, and I died;
10 and the commandment, which [was] unto life, this I found [to be] unto
11 for sin, finding occasion, through the commandment beguiled me, and
through it slew me.
12 So that the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and righteous, and
13 Did then that which is good become death unto me? God forbid. But sin,
that it might be shown to be sin, by working death to me through that which
is good;-- that through the commandment sin might become exceeding sinful.
14. For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under
15 For that which I do I know not: for not what I would, that do I
practise; but what I hate, that I do.
16 But if what I would not, that I do, I consent unto the law that it is
17 So now it is no more I that do it, but sin which dwelleth in me.
18 For I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, dwelleth no good thing:
for to will is present with me, but to do that which is good [is] not.
19 For the good which I would I do not: but the evil which I would not,
that I practise.
20 But if what I would not, that I do, it is no more I that do it, but
sin which dwelleth in me.
21 I find then the law, that, to me who would do good, evil is present.
22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
23 but I see a different law in my members, warring against the law of my
mind, and bringing me into captivity under the law of sin which is in my
24 Wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me out of the body of this
25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then I of myself with
the mind, indeed, serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.
1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them that are in Christ
2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus made me free from the
law of sin and of death.
3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh,
God, sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin,
condemned sin in the flesh:
4 that the ordinance of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not
after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
5 For they that are after the flesh mind the things of the flesh; but
they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.
6 For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the Spirit is life
7 because the mind of the flesh is enmity against God; for it is not
subject to the law of God, neither indeed can it be:
8 and they that are in the flesh cannot please God.
9 But ye are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit
of God dwelleth in you. But if any man hath not the Spirit of Christ, he is
none of his.
10. And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the
spirit is life because of righteousness.
11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwelleth
in you, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead shall give life also
to your mortal bodies through his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
12 So then, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the
13 for if ye live after the flesh, ye must die; but if by the Spirit ye
put to death the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
15 For ye received not the spirit of bondage again unto fear; but ye
received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
16 The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are
children of God:
17. and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with
Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified
18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy
to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed to us-ward.
19 For the earnest expectation of the creation waiteth for the revealing
of the sons of God.
20 For the creation was subjected to vanity, not of its own will, but by
reason of him who subjected it, in hope
21 that the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of
corruption into the liberty of the glory of the children of God.
22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain
together until now.
23 And not only so, but ourselves also, who have the first-fruits of the
Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for [our]
adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
24 For in hope were we saved: but hope that is seen is not hope: for who
hopeth for that which he seeth?
25 But if we hope for that which we see not, [then] do we with patience
wait for it.
26. And in like manner the Spirit also helpeth our infirmity: for we know
not how to pray as we ought; but the Spirit himself maketh intercession for
[us] with groanings which cannot be uttered;
27 and he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the
Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to [the
will of] God.
28 And we know that to them that love God all things work together for
good, [even] to them that are called according to [his] purpose.
29. For whom he foreknew, he also foreordained [to be] conformed to the
image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren:
30 and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called,
them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
31. What then shall we say to these things? If God [is] for us, who [is]
32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how
shall he not also with him freely give us all things?
33 Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that
34 who is he that condemneth? It is Christ Jesus that died, yea rather,
that was raised from the dead, who is at the right hand of God, who also
maketh intercession for us.
35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or
anguish, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
36 Even as it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; We
were accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that
38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor
principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers,
39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to
separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
1. I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing witness
with me in the Holy Spirit,
2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart.
3 For I could wish that I myself were anathema from Christ for my
brethren's sake, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
4 who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, and the glory, and the
covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the
5 whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ as concerning the flesh,
who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
6. But [it is] not as though the word of God hath come to nought. For they
are not all Israel, that are of Israel:
7 neither, because they are Abraham's seed, are they all children: but,
In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh that are children of God;
but the children of the promise are reckoned for a seed.
9 For this is a word of promise, According to this season will I come,
and Sarah shall have a son.
10 And not only so; but Rebecca also having conceived by one, [even] by
our father Isaac--
11 for [the children] being not yet born, neither having done anything
good or bad, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not
of works, but of him that calleth,
12 it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.
13 Even as it is written, Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.
14. What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.
15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I
will have compassion on whom I have compassion.
16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of
God that hath mercy.
17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, For this very purpose did I
raise thee up, that I might show in thee my power, and that my name might
be published abroad in all the earth.
18 So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardeneth.
19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he still find fault? For who
withstandeth his will?
20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the
thing formed say to him that formed it, Why didst thou make me thus?
21 Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to
make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?
22 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known,
endured with much longsuffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction:
23 and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of
mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory,
24 [even] us, whom he also called, not from the Jews only, but also from
25. As he saith also in Hosea, I will call that my people, which was not
my people; And her beloved, that was not beloved.
26 And it shall be, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye
are not my people, There shall they be called sons of the living God.
27 And Isaiah crieth concerning Israel, If the number of the children of
Israel be as the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that shall be saved:
28 for the Lord will execute [his] word upon the earth, finishing it and
cutting it short.
29 And, as Isaiah hath said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left
us a seed, We had become as Sodom, and had been made like unto Gomorrah.
30. What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, who followed not after
righteousness, attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is
31 but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, did not arrive at
32 Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by
works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling;
33 even as it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and
a rock of offence: And he that believeth on him shall not be put to shame.
1. Brethren, my heart's desire and my supplication to God is for them,
that they may be saved.
2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not
according to knowledge.
3 For being ignorant of God's righteousness, and seeking to establish
their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.
4 For Christ is the end of the law unto righteousness to every one that
5 For Moses writeth that the man that doeth the righteousness which is of
the law shall live thereby.
6 But the righteousness which is of faith saith thus, Say not in thy
heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down:)
7 or, Who shall descend into the abyss? (That is, to bring Christ up from
8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, in thy mouth, and in thy
heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach:
9 because if thou shalt confess with thy mouth Jesus [as] Lord, and shalt
believe in thy heart that God raised him from the dead, thou shalt be
10 for with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the
mouth confession is made unto salvation.
11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be put
12. For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same [Lord]
is Lord of all, and is rich unto all that call upon him:
13 for, Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and
how shall they believe in him whom they have not heard? and how shall they
hear without a preacher?
15 and how shall they preach, except they be sent? even as it is written,
How beautiful are the feet of them that bring glad tidings of good things!
16 But they did not all hearken to the glad tidings. For Isaiah saith,
Lord, who hath believed our report?
17 So belief [cometh] of hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.
18 But I say, Did they not hear? Yea, verily, Their sound went out into
all the earth, And their words unto the ends of the world.
19 But I say, Did Israel not know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you
to jealousy with that which is no nation, With a nation void of
understanding will I anger you.
20 And Isaiah is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me
not; I became manifest unto them that asked not of me.
21 But as to Israel he saith, All the day long did I spread out my hands
unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
1. I say then, Did God cast off his people? God forbid. For I also am an
Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
2 God did not cast off his people which he foreknew. Or know ye not what
the scripture saith of Elijah? how he pleadeth with God against Israel:
3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, they have digged down thine
altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life.
4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have left for myself seven
thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal.
5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to
the election of grace.
6 But if it is by grace, it is no more of works: otherwise grace is no
7 What then? that which Israel seeketh for, that he obtained not; but the
election obtained it, and the rest were hardened:
8 according as it is written, God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that
they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, unto this very
9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, And a
stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them:
10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, And bow thou down
their back always.
11 I say then, Did they stumble that they might fall? God forbid: but by
their fall salvation [is come] unto the Gentiles, to provoke them to
12 Now if their fall, is the riches of the world, and their loss the
riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?
13 But I speak to you that are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle
of Gentiles, I glorify my ministry;
14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy [them that are] my flesh,
and may save some of them.
15 For if the casting away of them [is] the reconciling of the world,
what [shall] the receiving [of them be], but life from the dead?
16 And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is
holy, so are the branches.
17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and thou, being a wild
olive, wast grafted in among them, and didst become partaker with them of
the root of the fatness of the olive tree;
18 glory not over the branches: but if thou gloriest, it is not thou that
bearest the root, but the root thee.
19 Thou wilt say then, Branches were broken off, that I might be grafted
20 Well; by their unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by thy
faith. Be not highminded, but fear:
21 for if God spared not the natural branches, neither will he spare
22 Behold then the goodness and severity of God: toward them that fell,
severity; but toward thee, God's goodness, if thou continue in his
goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
23 And they also, if they continue not in their unbelief, shall be
grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again.
24 For if thou wast cut out of that which is by nature a wild olive tree,
and wast grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more
shall these, which are the natural [branches], be grafted into their own
25 For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant of this mystery, lest ye
be wise in your own conceits, that a hardening in part hath befallen
Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in;
26 and so all Israel shall be saved: even as it is written, There shall
come out of Zion the Deliverer; He shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
27 And this is my covenant unto them, When I shall take away their sins.
28 As touching the gospel, they are enemies for your sake: but as
touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sake.
29 For the gifts and the calling of God are not repented of.
30 For as ye in time past were disobedient to God, but now have obtained
mercy by their disobedience,
31 even so have these also now been disobedient, that by the mercy shown
to you they also may now obtain mercy.
32 For God hath shut up all unto disobedience, that he might have mercy
33. O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God!
how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out!
34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his
35 or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him
36 For of him, and through him, and unto him, are all things. To him [be]
the glory for ever. Amen.
1. I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present
your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, [which is] your
2 And be not fashioned according to this world: but be ye transformed by
the renewing of your mind, and ye may prove what is the good and acceptable
and perfect will of God.
3 For I say, through the grace that was given me, to every man that is
among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but
to think as to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to each man a
measure of faith.
4 For even as we have many members in one body, and all the members have
not the same office:
5 so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and severally members one
6 And having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us,
whether prophecy, [let us prophesy] according to the proportion of our
7 or ministry, [let us give ourselves] to our ministry; or he that
teacheth, to his teaching;
8 or he that exhorteth, to his exhorting: he that giveth, [let him do it]
with liberality; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy,
9 Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that
which is good.
10 In love of the brethren be tenderly affectioned one to another; in
honor preferring one another;
11 in diligence not slothful; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;
12 rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing stedfastly in
13 communicating to the necessities of the saints; given to hospitality.
14 Bless them that persecute you; bless, and curse not.
15 Rejoice with them that rejoice; weep with them that weep.
16 Be of the same mind one toward another. Set not your mind on high
things, but condescend to things that are lowly. Be not wise in your own
17 Render to no man evil for evil. Take thought for things honorable in
the sight of all men.
18 If it be possible, as much as in you lieth, be at peace with all men.
19 Avenge not yourselves, beloved, but give place unto the wrath [of
God]: for it is written, Vengeance belongeth unto me; I will recompense,
saith the Lord.
20 But if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him to drink:
for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head.
21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
1. Let every soul be in subjection to the higher powers: for there is no
power but of God; and the [powers] that be are ordained of God.
2 Therefore he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of
God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment.
3 For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil. And
wouldest thou have no fear of the power? do that which is good, and thou
shalt have praise from the same:
4 for he is a minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which
is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is a
minister of God, an avenger for wrath to him that doeth evil.
5 Wherefore [ye] must needs be in subjection, not only because of the
wrath, but also for conscience' sake.
6 For this cause ye pay tribute also; for they are ministers of God's
service, attending continually upon this very thing.
7. Render to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute [is due]; custom to
whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.
8 Owe no man anything, save to love one another: for he that loveth his
neighbor hath fulfilled the law.
9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou
shalt not steal, Thou shalt not covet, and if there be any other
commandment, it is summed up in this word, namely, Thou shalt love thy
neighbor as thyself.
10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbor: love therefore is the fulfilment
of the law.
11. And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake
out of sleep: for now is salvation nearer to us than when we [first]
12 The night is far spent, and the day is at hand: let us therefore cast
off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light.
13 Let us walk becomingly, as in the day; not in revelling and
drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and jealousy.
14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the
flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
1. But him that is weak in faith receive ye, [yet] not for decision of
2 One man hath faith to eat all things: but he that is weak eateth herbs.
3 Let not him that eateth set at nought him that eateth not; and let not
him that eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him.
4 Who art thou that judgest the servant of another? to his own lord he
standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be made to stand; for the Lord hath
power to make him stand.
5 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day
[alike]. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind.
6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord: and he that
eateth, eateth unto the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth
not, unto the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.
7 For none of us liveth to himself, and none dieth to himself.
8 For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; or whether we die, we die
unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's.
9 For to this end Christ died and lived [again], that he might be Lord of
both the dead and the living.
10 But thou, why dost thou judge thy brother? or thou again, why dost
thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the
judgment-seat of God.
11 For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, to me every knee shall
bow, And every tongue shall confess to God.
12 So then each one of us shall give account of himself to God.
13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge ye this
rather, that no man put a stumblingblock in his brother's way, or an
occasion of falling.
14 I know, and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of
itself: save that to him who accounteth anything to be unclean, to him it
15 For if because of meat thy brother is grieved, thou walkest no longer
in love. Destroy not with thy meat him for whom Christ died.
16 Let not then your good be evil spoken of:
17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness
and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
18 For he that herein serveth Christ is well-pleasing to God, and
approved of men.
19 So then let us follow after things which make for peace, and things
whereby we may edify one another.
20 Overthrow not for meat's sake the work of God. All things indeed are
clean; howbeit it is evil for that man who eateth with offence.
21 It is good not to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor [to do anything]
whereby thy brother stumbleth.
22 The faith which thou hast, have thou to thyself before God. Happy is
he that judgeth not himself in that which he approveth.
23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because [he eateth] not
of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin.
1. Now we that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and
not to please ourselves.
2 Let each one of us please his neighbor for that which is good, unto
3 For Christ also pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The
reproaches of them that reproached thee fell upon me.
4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our
learning, that through patience and through comfort of the scriptures we
might have hope.
5. Now the God of patience and of comfort grant you to be of the same mind
one with another according to Christ Jesus:
6 that with one accord ye may with one mouth glorify the God and Father
of our Lord Jesus Christ.
7. Wherefore receive ye one another, even as Christ also received you, to
the glory of God.
8 For I say that Christ hath been made a minister of the circumcision for
the truth of God, that he might confirm the promises [given] unto the
9 and that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is
written, Therefore will I give praise unto thee among the Gentiles, And
sing unto thy name.
10 And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people.
11 And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; And let all the peoples
12 And again, Isaiah saith, There shall be the root of Jesse, And he that
ariseth to rule over the Gentiles; On him shall the Gentiles hope.
13. Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that
ye may abound in hope, in the power of the Holy Spirit.
14. And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye yourselves
are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one
15 But I write the more boldly unto you in some measure, as putting you
again in remembrance, because of the grace that was given me of God,
16 that I should be a minister of Christ Jesus unto the Gentiles,
ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might
be made acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Spirit.
17. I have therefore my glorifying in Christ Jesus in things pertaining to
18 For I will not dare to speak of any things save those which Christ
wrought through me, for the obedience of the Gentiles, by word and deed,
19 in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Holy Spirit; so
that from Jerusalem, and round about even unto Illyricum, I have fully
preached the gospel of Christ;
20 yea, making it my aim so to preach the gospel, not where Christ was
[already] named, that I might not build upon another man's foundation;
21 but, as it is written, They shall see, to whom no tidings of him came,
And they who have not heard shall understand.
22. Wherefore also I was hindered these many times from coming to you:
23 but now, having no more any place in these regions, and having these
many years a longing to come unto you,
24 whensoever I go unto Spain (for I hope to see you in my journey, and
to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first in some measure I
shall have been satisfied with your company)--
25 but now, I [say], I go unto Jerusalem, ministering unto the saints.
26 For it hath been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a
certain contribution for the poor among the saints that are at Jerusalem.
27 Yea, it hath been their good pleasure; and their debtors they are. For
if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they
owe it [to them] also to minister unto them in carnal things.
28 When therefore I have accomplished this, and have sealed to them this
fruit, I will go on by you unto Spain.
29 And I know that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of
the blessing of Christ.
30. Now I beseech you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ, and by the love
of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for
31 that I may be delivered from them that are disobedient in Judaea, and
[that] my ministration which [I have] for Jerusalem may be acceptable to
32 that I may come unto you in joy through the will of God, and together
with you find rest.
33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.
1. I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church
that is at Cenchreae:
2 that ye receive her in the Lord, worthily of the saints, and that ye
assist her in whatsoever matter she may have need of you: for she herself
also hath been a helper of many, and of mine own self.
3 Salute Prisca and Aquila my fellow-workers in Christ Jesus,
4 who for my life laid down their own necks; unto whom not only I give
thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles:
5 and [salute] the church that is in their house. Salute Epaenetus my
beloved, who is the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ.
6 Salute Mary, who bestowed much labor on you.
7 Salute Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners, who
are of note among the apostles, who also have been in Christ before me.
8 Salute Ampliatus my beloved in the Lord.
9 Salute Urbanus our fellow-worker in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.
10 Salute Apelles the approved in Christ. Salute them that are of the
[household] of Aristobulus.
11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Salute them of the [household] of
Narcissus, that are in the Lord.
12 Salute Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord. Salute Persis
the beloved, who labored much in the Lord.
13 Salute Rufus the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
14 Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brethren
that are with them.
15 Salute Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and
all the saints that are with them.
16 Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ salute
17. Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them that are causing the divisions
and occasions of stumbling, contrary to the doctrine which ye learned: and
turn away from them.
18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Christ, but their own belly;
and by their smooth and fair speech they beguile the hearts of the
19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I rejoice therefore
over you: but I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple
unto that which is evil.
20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The
grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
21. Timothy my fellow-worker saluteth you; and Lucius and Jason and
Sosipater, my kinsmen.
22 I Tertius, who write the epistle, salute you in the Lord.
23 Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the
treasurer of the city saluteth you, and Quartus the brother.
24 [The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.]
25. Now to him that is able to establish you according to my gospel and
the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery
which hath been kept in silence through times eternal,
26 but now is manifested, and by the scriptures of the prophets,
according to the commandment of the eternal God, is made known unto all the
nations unto obedience of faith:
27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory for